The name "Bengaluru" is an anglicised version of "Bengalooru," a word in the local Kannada language that was given to a town. The story goes that this word was derived from the phrase "bende kaalu ooru," which translates into "the town of boiled beans." Bengaluru City, the most upwardly mobile city in Asia, is the Capital of Karnataka State in South India. It is called the Garden City for its delicate blossoms and greenery that impart a unique beauty to this lovely city. Bengaluru is known for its sprawling gardens, stylish shopping malls, well designed arcades, emporia, art galleries, exotic and mouth watering restaurants pubs, and its own style and sophistication. Also known as the Silicon Valley of India, Bengaluru is home for some of the most prestigious Educational Institutions, Multinational Companies and has hosted several National and International events in the recent past. The first city in India to get electricity, Bengaluru continues, in many ways, to blaze the trail in terms of the country's quest for a modern identity. Once known as the Garden City, the country's most pristine city evolved significantly when the high-tech revolution hit and it suddenly found itself at the center of the nation's massive computer hardware and software industries. Its cosmopolitan spirit fueled as much by its luminous pub and cafe culture as by the influx of international businesspeople, India's high-tech hub has a high-energy buzz, yet it's tangibly calmer and cleaner than most other places in the country, with far and away the best climate of any Indian city -- no doubt the reason the majority of upwardly mobile Indians rank it the number-one city in which to live. One of the many reasons why Bengaluru is a favorite spot for visitors is the pleasant weather. Bengaluruans are very proud of this God-given gift.
Geography of Bengaluru
Situated at an altitude of 920 metres above sea level, Bengaluru is the principal administrative, cultural, commercial and industrial centre of the state of Karnataka. The city, which is spread over an area of 2190 square kilometres, enjoys a pleasant and equable climate throughout the year. Its tree-lined streets and abundant greenery have led to it being called the 'Garden City' of India. The climate is moderate and pleasant. Summers are mild (April-June) and winters are cool (October-February). The city experiences southwestern monsoon rains in June-August. (Interactive map of Bengaluru)
History of Bengaluru
It is said that King Ballala of the Hoysala dynasty lost his way in the jungle while on a hunting expedition. Tired and hungry, he encountered a poor, old woman who offered him the only food she had - some boiled beans. Grateful to her, the king named the place "bende kaalu ooru." However, historical evidence shows that "Bengalooru" was recorded much before King Ballala's time in a 9th century temple inscription in the village of Begur. "Bengalooru" still exists today within the city limits in Kodigehalli area and is called "Halebengalooru" or "Old Bengaluru."
Bengaluru was conquered by Mohammed Adil Shah, the Sultan of Bijapur. Later it was captured by Mughals
who held it for 3 years. In 1687, the Mughal Sultan of Sira province
sold Bengaluru to king Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar of Mysore for 3 lac
pagodas, who built a second fort to the south of that built by
Kempegowda I. In 1759, Hyder Ali received Bengaluru as a jagir from
Krishna raja Wodeyar II. He fortified the southern fort and made
Bengaluru an army town.
Lalbagh Botanical gardens
Tipu's Summer Palace
Visveswaraiah Industrial and Technological Museum
This is one of the oldest museum which existed in the country, opened in 1886. It has 18 galleries including Neolithic finds from the Chandravalli excavations, and from the Indus valley, especially Mohanjedaro antiquities. The museum exhibit the antique jewellery, textiles, coins and miniature paintings.
The Venkatappa Art Gallery is next to the museum exhibits the works done by the Karnataka Painter. The state products are displayed at the Trade Centre, next door to the Visveswaraya Industrial and Technological Museum.
Bannerghatta National Park
The park is situated in a
picturesque surrounding with a variety of fauna, at Anekal Road. The
main attractions are bisons, Elephants, Baboons, Panthers, Jackals
and Lion tailed Monkeys. The park has a snake park and lion and
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