Introduction to Government

The Structure of a State Government is as follows

  • Legislative

Legislature consists of Governor, the Legislative Council and Legislative  Assembly. 

The Governor assents to the bills passed by both houses. In certain cases, he may return a bill to the Legislature, giving his reason; however, if the two houses pass the bill with or without accepting his recommendations, he has to assent to it. He may refer certain bills to the President for consideration and assent. The Governor also has powers to promulgate ordinances, when the houses of the Legislature are not in session. The ordinances are, however, required to be laid before the houses and cease to operate after six weeks from the reassembly unless, before the expiry of that period, a resolution disapproving the ordinance is passed by the Legislative Assembly and agreed to by the Council. 

The Governor summons and prorogues the two houses and dissolves the Vidhan Sabha. He addresses the two houses assembled together at the beginning of every year and at the first session after every general election. In his address, the Governor reviews the activities of his government during the past year, and apprises the two houses of the programs to be carried out in the ensuing year. He also refers to the bills proposed to be submitted for approval. The Governor's Address is prepared by the Council of Ministers and is in fact, a statement of the policies of the government. 

The Legislative Council or Upper House is a perpetual house and not subject to dissolution. The term of office of a member is six years; but one third of its members retire every two years. The Council is a mix of representatives among the cross section of the state and also people with expertise in various specific fields of knowledge, literature and arts.

The Legislative Assembly or Lower House consists of members that are directly elected on the basis of adult franchise. The normal life of the Legislative Assembly is five years. It can, however, be dissolved earlier, and in an emergency, its term can also be extended by a maximum period of one year. (Vide Article 172 of the Constitution). 

The two houses, though constituted on different principles, are nevertheless co-ordinate chambers. The Legislative Assembly as the directly elected house, enjoys exclusive powers in financial matters. Financial bills can originate only in the Legislative Assembly, which has a prevailing voice in the case of money bills. 

Under the Cabinet system of government adopted by this country, the Executive (the Government) is fully responsible and accountable to the Legislature and can hold office only so long as it can command the support of the Lower House. Apart from approving the bills and sanctioning the budget, the Legislature exercises supervision over the work of the Executive by keeping a close watch on its functioning in two ways. One is through legislative devices, such as questions, calling-attention notices, resolutions, short duration discussions, adjournment motions, no-confidence motions, cut-motions on the demands for grants, amendments to the Governor's address, etc. The other is through the committees of the Legislature entrusted with the task of scrutinizing specific fields of governmental activities. These committees have powers to send for any persons, papers or records and can also examine witnesses and make reports and recommendations.

  • Judicial

The Judiciary is one of the three arms of the state. Its independence and effectiveness define the true state of a democracy. However, the Judiciary is also the weakest of the three organs without any executive machinery of its own or with a formal popular base, as in the case of the Legislature. Every democratic constitution, therefore, tries to have in-built safeguards to maintain the independence of the Judiciary. 

The Judiciary cannot be said to be completely independent of the Executive and the Legislature, in view of the following provisions: 

(i) Leave and pension for Acts of Parliament regulates the judges of the High Court. 

(ii) Subject to the provisions of the Constitution, laws of the respective legislatures determine the jurisdiction of the courts. 

(iii) The constitution, jurisdiction and powers of the sub-ordinate courts are regulated by laws of the State Legislature that can exclude specified matters from the jurisdiction of ordinary courts. 

(iv) All appointments of judicial officers are the responsibility of the executive, though provision has been made for consultation with the High Court, although the state government appoints the staff of the High Court. 

Law and Judiciary Department 

The Law and Judiciary department, as the name connotes, functions as legal advisory department to the government and as administrative department for the Judiciary. The functions of the Law and Judiciary department as advisory department are mainly technical. This department tenders legal advice mainly to government departments on the following subjects: -

(1) Legal points arising under the Constitution of India, several civil and criminal Acts, rules and regulations, etc.

(2) Legislation (both principal and sub-ordinate).

(3) Litigation (both civil and criminal),

(4) Conveyance

  • Executive

Since Independence, there has been a tremendous growth in the executive functions of the state, due to:

(i) Growth in the traditional functions of the state like law and order, education, public health, etc.

(ii) New functions, such as promoting economic development and social and economic justice undertaken by the state.

This has consequently led to a large expansion in the executive machinery of the state. In the state level, there are Cabinet Ministers and Ministers of State. At the national level, there Lok Sabha Members and Rajya Sabha Members.

The progress of the state depends on the executive branch. All credit and blame regarding the overall condition of the state depends on the executive branch. India is a country rich in natural resources and has excellent hard working people. There is a danger in many states that the executive branch is merely an extension of the British model of exploitation. Some of the current ills of India (for example Corruption) have their source in this branch. Fortunately, the overall condition of this branch has been changing for the better in the last few years all over India.


Governor of Uttar Pradesh Shri Ram Naik

Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh - Shri Akhilesh Yadav

Cabinet Ministers of Uttar Pradesh

1. Shri Akhilesh Yadav

All departments which are not allotted to any Minister

2. Mohd. Azam Khan Parliamentary Affairs, Muslim Waqf, Urban Development, Water Supplies, Urban Employment & Poverty Alleviation, overall Urban Development, Minority Welfare & Haj
3. Shri Shivpal Singh Yadav Public Works  Department, Irrigation,      Co-operative, Flood Control, Land Development & Water Resources, Waste Land Development, Irrigation (Mechanical),Revenue, Disaster & Rehabilitation and Public Service Management
4. Shri Ahmad Hasan Medical & Health, Family Welfare, Women and Child Welfare
5. Shri Raja Mahendra Aridaman Singh Stamp and  Court Fees, Registration, Civil Defence
6. Shri Ambika Chaudhary Backward Class Welfare, Handicapped Welfare
7. Shri Balram Yadav Jail
8. Shri Awadhesh Prasad Social Welfare, SC & ST Welfare, Sainik Welfare
9. Shri Om Prakesh Singh Tourism
10. Shri Parasnath Yadav Horticulture and Food Rrocessing
11. Shri Ramgovind Chaudhary Primary Education
12. Shri Durga Prasad Yadav Transport
13. Shri Brahmashankar Triphati Homeguards, Prantiya Raksha Dal
14. Shri Raj Kishor Singh Minor Irrigation, Animal Husbandry
15. Shri Shiv Kumar Beria Textile and Sericulture Industries
16. Shri Rajendra Choudhary Political Pension
17. Shri Narad Rai Khadi and Village Industries
18. Shri Kailash Panchayati Raj
19. Shri Rammurti Verma Dairy Development
20. Shri Raghuraaj Pratap Singh Raja Bhaiya Food & Civil Supplies
21. Shri Manoj Kumar Pandey Science and Technology
22. Shri Gayatri Prasad Prajapati Mining and Minerals
23. Shri Shivakant Ojha Technical Education
24. Shri Iqbal Mahmood Fishries, Public Enterprises
25. Shri Mahboob Ali Secondary Education
26. Shri Shahid Manzoor Labour, Employment


Lok Sabha Members of Uttar Pradesh

1 Agra(SC) Ram Shankar,Dr. Prof. BJP
2 Akbarpur Singh,Shri Devendra (Alias) Bhole Singh BJP
3 Aligarh Gautam,Shri Satish Kumar BJP
4 Allahabad Gupta,Shri Shyama Charan BJP
5 Ambedkar Nagar Pandey,Shri Hari Om BJP
6 Amethi Gandhi,Shri Rahul INC
7 Amroha Tanwar,Shri Kanwar Singh BJP
8 Aonla Kumar,Shri Dharmendra BJP
9 Azamgarh Yadav,Shri Mulayam Singh SP
10 Badaun Yadav,Shri Dharmendra SP
11 Baghpat Singh,Dr. Satya Pal BJP
12 Bahraich(SC) Phoole,Sushree Sadhvi Savitri Bai BJP
13 Ballia Singh,Shri Bharat BJP
14 Banda Mishra,Shri Bhairon Prasad BJP
15 Bansgaon(SC) Paswan,Shri Kamlesh BJP
16 Barabanki(SC) Rawat,Smt. Priyanka Singh BJP
17 Bareilly Gangwar,Shri Santosh Kumar BJP
18 Basti Dwivedi,Shri Harish BJP
19 Bhadohi Singh,Shri Virendra BJP
20 Bijnor Singh,Kunwar Bharatendra BJP
21 Bulandshahr Singh,Shri Bhola BJP
22 Chandauli Pandey,Dr. Mahendra Nath BJP
23 Deoria Mishra,Shri Kalraj BJP
24 Dhaurahra Verma,Smt. Rekha Arun BJP
25 Domariyaganj Pal ,Shri Jagdambika BJP
26 Etah Singh,Shri Rajveer (Raju Bhaiya) BJP
27 Etawah(SC) Dohrey,Shri Ashok Kumar BJP
28 Faizabad Singh,Shri Lallu BJP
29 Farrukhabad Rajput,Shri Mukesh BJP
30 Fatehpur Jyoti,Sadhvi Niranjan BJP
31 Fatehpur Sikri Chaudhary,Shri Babulal BJP
32 Firozabad Yadav,Shri Akshay SP
33 Gautam Buddha Nagar Sharma,Dr. Mahesh BJP
34 Ghaziabad Singh,Gen. (Retd.) Vijay Kumar BJP
35 Ghazipur Sinha,Shri Manoj Kumar BJP
36 Ghosi Rajbhar,Shri Hari Narayan BJP
37 Gonda Singh,Shri Kirti Vardhan BJP
38 Gorakhpur Adityanath ,Shri Yogi BJP
39 Hamirpur Chandel,Kunwar Pushpendra Singh BJP
40 Hardoi(SC) Verma,Shri Anshul BJP
41 Hathras(SC) Diwakar,Shri Rajesh Kumar BJP
42 Jalaun(SC) Verma,Shri Bhanu Pratap Singh BJP
43 Jaunpur Singh,Dr. Krishna Pratap BJP
44 Jhansi Sushree, Uma Bharati BJP
45 Kairana Singh,Shri Hukum BJP
46 Kaiserganj Singh,Shri Brijbhushan Sharan BJP
47 Kannauj Yadav,Smt. Dimple SP
48 Kanpur Joshi,Dr. Murli Manohar BJP
49 Kaushambi (SC) Sonkar,Shri Vinod Kumar BJP
50 Kheri Misra,Shri Ajay (Teni) BJP
51 Kushi Nagar Pandey,Shri Rajesh BJP
52 Lalganj(SC) Sonker,Smt. Neelam BJP
53 Lucknow Singh,Shri Rajnath BJP
54 Machhlishahr(SC) Charitra,Shri Ram BJP
55 Maharajganj Chaudhary,Shri Pankaj BJP
56 Mainpuri Yadav,Shri Tejpratap Singh SP
57 Mathura Hemamalini,Smt. BJP
58 Meerut Agrawal,Shri Rajendra BJP
59 Mirzapur Patel,Smt. Anupriya Apna Dal
60 Misrikh(SC) Bala,Smt. Anju BJP
61 Mohanlalganj(SC) Kishore,Shri Kaushal BJP
62 Moradabad Kumar,Shri Kunwar Sarvesh BJP
63 Muzaffarnagar Balyan,Dr. Sanjeev Kumar BJP
64 Nagina(SC) Singh,Dr. Yashwant BJP
65 Phulpur Maurya,Shri Keshav Prasad BJP
66 Pilibhit Gandhi,Smt. Maneka Sanjay BJP
67 Pratapgarh Singh,Shri Kunwar Haribansh Apna Dal
68 Rae Bareli Gandhi,Smt. Sonia INC
69 Rampur Singh,Dr. Nepal BJP
70 Robertsganj(SC) Chhotelal,Shri BJP
71 Saharanpur Lakhanpal,Shri Raghav BJP
72 Salempur Kushwaha,Shri Ravindra BJP
73 Sambhal Singh,Shri Satya Pal BJP
74 Sant Kabir Nagar Tripathi,Shri Sharad BJP
75 Shahjahanpur(SC) Raj,Smt. Krishna BJP
76 Shrawasti Mishra,Shri Daddan BJP
77 Sitapur Verma,Shri Rajesh BJP
78 Sultanpur Gandhi,Shri Feroze Varun BJP
79 Unnao Maharaj,Dr. Swami Sakshiji BJP
80 Varanasi Modi,Shri Narendra BJP

Rajya Sabha Members of Uttar Pradesh

1 Agrawal, Shri Naresh SP
2 Ali, Shri Munquad BSP
3 Ansari, Shri Salim BSP
4 Bachchan, Smt. Jaya SP
5 Jugul Kishore, Shri BSP
6 Kashyap, Shri Narendra Kumar BSP
7 Katiyar, Shri Vinay BJP
8 Khan, Shri Javed Ali SP
9 Mayawati, Km. BSP
10 Misra, Shri Satish Chandra BSP
11 Nanda, Shri Kiranmay SP
12 Naqvi, Shri Mukhtar Abbas BJP
13 Nishad, Shri Vishambhar Prasad SP
14 Parrikar, Shri Manohar BJP
15 Punia, Shri P.L. INC
16 Rajan, Shri Ambeth BSP
17 Rajaram, Shri BSP
18 Saini, Shri Rajpal Singh BSP
19 Saleem, Chaudhary Munvvar SP
20 Sharma, Shri Satish INC
21 Shekhar, Shri Neeraj SP
22 Singh, Shri Arvind Kumar SP
23 Singh, Smt. Kanak Lata SP
24 Singh, Shri Veer BSP
25 Tazeen Fatma, Dr. SP
26 Tiwari, Shri Alok SP
27 Tiwari, Shri Pramod INC
28 Verma, Shri Ravi Prakash SP
29 Yadav, Dr. Chandrapal Singh SP
30 Yadav, Shri Darshan Singh SP
31 Yadav, Prof. Ram Gopal SP

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