Culture of India
Indian culture is a conglomeration of different traditions, customs, religions and ideas. All these factors blended together with its history and geography, resulting into the present rich heritage and dynamic culture. Down the ages, since the days of Indus Valley Civilization India has absorbed different cultures of the travelers and conquerors. Apart from the British, India has been under the influence of Turkish, Arabic and Persian culture as well - hence this diversity.
India has been called Spiritual Guru of the world. This land has witnessed the birth, rise and reaching zenith of many religions like Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism as interpretations of the Vedic thought concept and Sikhism as a alternative to Islamic and Hindu thought concepts. India is a secular nation with peaceful co-existence of Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Jains, Buddhists, Sikh, Bahai followers and yet many more. Religion in India is not just a theological philosophy but a way to live your life. Hinduism has majority of the followers, while Islam is the second to majority not only in India but also in the world. Existence of multiple religious thoughts never disrupts the national harmony.
Festivals of India
India is a country of festivals. People tired of hard work and struggling to meet the ends look forward to every single opportunity to celebrate. Christmas, Id and Diwali are celebrated with same zeal. Other main Indian festivals are Dussehra, Pongal, Holi, Ganesh Chaturthi, Muharram, Id-ul-Fitr, Guru Nanak Jayanti, Easter and the list goes on. Festivals are meant for reunion, feast and merry-making and Indians do that successfully.
Art and Music of India
India is blessed with the oldest and richest cultural heritage in
the world. Art, music and dance is a reflection of that. The cave
paintings of Ajanta and Ellora, sculptors carved in different
temples across the country and different genres of paintings like
Madhubani, Mughal or Tanjore testify the rich history of artistry as
Literature of India
Literature of India is not only one of the oldest in the world
but also acknowledged as the most diverse one. With 22 official
languages, yet many scripts and more than 400 mother-tongues, the
database of Indian literature has to be the richest of its kind.
Tamil and Sanskrit are the classical languages and Vedic texts are
the earliest literary pieces. Pali and Prakrit are other ancient
languages and were spoken by the subalterns. Ramayana and
Mahabharata are regarded as the greatest epics of the world. Sangam
Literature is the earliest Tamil literature compiled over years and
it was from here that Dravidian history was documented. Presently,
thousands of novels, magazines, poetry collections and plays are
written and published every year. There are various awards to
felicitate these novelists, poets and playwrights.
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