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Himachal Pradesh

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Introduction to Government

The Structure of a State Government is as follows

  • Legislative

Legislature consists of Governor, the Legislative Council and Legislative  Assembly. 

The Governor assents to the bills passed by both houses. In certain cases, he may return a bill to the Legislature, giving his reason; however, if the two houses pass the bill with or without accepting his recommendations, he has to assent to it. He may refer certain bills to the President for consideration and assent. The Governor also has powers to promulgate ordinances, when the houses of the Legislature are not in session. The ordinances are, however, required to be laid before the houses and cease to operate after six weeks from the reassembly unless, before the expiry of that period, a resolution disapproving the ordinance is passed by the Legislative Assembly and agreed to by the Council. 

The Governor summons and prorogues the two houses and dissolves the Vidhan Sabha. He addresses the two houses assembled together at the beginning of every year and at the first session after every general election. In his address, the Governor reviews the activities of his government during the past year, and apprises the two houses of the programs to be carried out in the ensuing year. He also refers to the bills proposed to be submitted for approval. The Governor's Address is prepared by the Council of Ministers and is in fact, a statement of the policies of the government. 

The Legislative Council or Upper House is a perpetual house and not subject to dissolution. The term of office of a member is six years; but one third of its members retire every two years. The Council is a mix of representatives among the cross section of the state and also people with expertise in various specific fields of knowledge, literature and arts.

The Legislative Assembly or Lower House consists of members that are directly elected on the basis of adult franchise. The normal life of the Legislative Assembly is five years. It can, however, be dissolved earlier, and in an emergency, its term can also be extended by a maximum period of one year. (Vide Article 172 of the Constitution). 

The two houses, though constituted on different principles, are nevertheless co-ordinate chambers. The Legislative Assembly as the directly elected house, enjoys exclusive powers in financial matters. Financial bills can originate only in the Legislative Assembly, which has a prevailing voice in the case of money bills. 

Under the Cabinet system of government adopted by this country, the Executive (the Government) is fully responsible and accountable to the Legislature and can hold office only so long as it can command the support of the Lower House. Apart from approving the bills and sanctioning the budget, the Legislature exercises supervision over the work of the Executive by keeping a close watch on its functioning in two ways. One is through legislative devices, such as questions, calling-attention notices, resolutions, short duration discussions, adjournment motions, no-confidence motions, cut-motions on the demands for grants, amendments to the Governor's address, etc. The other is through the committees of the Legislature entrusted with the task of scrutinizing specific fields of governmental activities. These committees have powers to send for any persons, papers or records and can also examine witnesses and make reports and recommendations.

  • Judicial

The Judiciary is one of the three arms of the state. Its independence and effectiveness define the true state of a democracy. However, the Judiciary is also the weakest of the three organs without any executive machinery of its own or with a formal popular base, as in the case of the Legislature. Every democratic constitution, therefore, tries to have in-built safeguards to maintain the independence of the Judiciary. 

The Judiciary cannot be said to be completely independent of the Executive and the Legislature, in view of the following provisions: 

(i) Leave and pension for Acts of Parliament regulates the judges of the High Court. 

(ii) Subject to the provisions of the Constitution, laws of the respective legislatures determine the jurisdiction of the courts. 

(iii) The constitution, jurisdiction and powers of the sub-ordinate courts are regulated by laws of the State Legislature that can exclude specified matters from the jurisdiction of ordinary courts. 

(iv) All appointments of judicial officers are the responsibility of the executive, though provision has been made for consultation with the High Court, although the state government appoints the staff of the High Court. 

Law and Judiciary Department 

The Law and Judiciary department, as the name connotes, functions as legal advisory department to the government and as administrative department for the Judiciary. The functions of the Law and Judiciary department as advisory department are mainly technical. This department tenders legal advice mainly to government departments on the following subjects: -

(1) Legal points arising under the Constitution of India, several civil and criminal Acts, rules and regulations, etc.

(2) Legislation (both principal and sub-ordinate).

(3) Litigation (both civil and criminal),

(4) Conveyance
 

  • Executive

Since Independence, there has been a tremendous growth in the executive functions of the state, due to:

(i) Growth in the traditional functions of the state like law and order, education, public health, etc.

(ii) New functions, such as promoting economic development and social and economic justice undertaken by the state.

This has consequently led to a large expansion in the executive machinery of the state. In the state level, there are Cabinet Ministers and Ministers of State. At the national level, there Lok Sabha Members and Rajya Sabha Members.

The progress of the state depends on the executive branch. All credit and blame regarding the overall condition of the state depends on the executive branch. India is a country rich in natural resources and has excellent hard working people. There is a danger in many states that the executive branch is merely an extension of the British model of exploitation. Some of the current ills of India (for example Corruption) have their source in this branch. Fortunately, the overall condition of this branch has been changing for the better in the last few years all over India.

Himachal Pradesh Governor: Shrimati Urmila Singh

Himachal Pradesh Chief Minister: Shri Virbhadra Singh

Himachal Pradesh Cabinet Ministers

Name

Designation

Additional Charge

Room No.

Phone
Office

E-mail

Shri Virbhadra Singh

Chief Minister

All other Departments, which are not allotted

E-101

2625819

cm-hp@nic.in

Smt. Vidya Stokes

Irrigation & Public Health Minister

Horticulture, Information Technology

E-131

2621196

iphmin-hp@nic.in

Shri Kaul Singh Thakur

Health & Family Welfare Minister

Revenue, Law & Legal Remembrance, Medical Education

E-115

2621938
2880701

healthmin-hp@nic.in

Shri G. S. Bali

Food, Civil Supplies & Consumer Affairs Minister

Transport, Technical Education, Vocational & Industrial Training

E-229A

2622464

fcsmin-hp@nic.in

Shri Sujan Singh Pathania

MPP & Power Minister

Non-Conventional Energy Sources, Agriculture

E-123

2621580

   

Shri Thakur Singh Bharmouri

Forest Minister

Fisheries

E-328

2621581

forestmin-hp@nic.in

Shri Mukesh Agnihotri

Industry Minister

Labour & Employment, Parliamentary Affairs, Information & Public Relations

E-215

2621599

indmin-hp@nic.in

Shri Sudhir Sharma

Urban Development Minister

Housing, Town & Country Planning

E-202A

2620623

  

Shri Prakash Chaudhary

Excise & Taxation Minister

Printing & Stationery

E-221

2620191

  

Shri Dhani Ram Shandil

Social Justice & Empowerment Minister

Sainik Welfare

E-321

2621004

minsje-hp@nic.in

Shri Anil Kumar

Rural Development Minister

Panchayati Raj, Animal Husbandry

E-21G

2621017

rdmin-hp@nic.in

Shri Neeraj Bharti

Chief Parliamentary Secretary

Education (Attached with Chief Minister)

E-224

2621903

  

Shri Rajesh Dharmani

Chief Parliamentary Secretary

Forest (Attached with Forest Minister)

E-24G

2620687

  

Shri Vinay Kumar

Chief Parliamentary Secretary

Public Works (Attached with Chief Minister)

E-318

2621865

  

Shri Jagjivan Paul

Chief Parliamentary Secretary

Irrigation & Public Health (Attached with Irrigation & Public Health Minister)

E-326

2626435

  

Shri Nand Lal

Chief Parliamentary Secretary

Health (Attached with Health & Family Welfare Minister)

E-4B

2626859

  

Shri Rohit Thakur

Chief Parliamentary Secretary

Agriculture (Attached with MPP & Power Minister)

E-14G

2621768

  

Shri Sohan Lal Thakur

Chief Parliamentary Secretary

Panchayati Raj (Attached with Rural Development Minister)

E-207A

2626218

  

Shri Inder Dutt Lakhanpal

Chief Parliamentary Secretary

Rural Development (Attached with Rural Development Minister)

E-14B

2621132

  

Shri Mansa Ram

Chief Parliamentary Secretary

Tourism (Attached with Chief Minister) and Social Justice & Empowerment (Attached with     Social Justice & Empowerment Minister)

E-16B

   
2624263

  

  

Control Room Phone 2622204
Control Room FAX 2621154
EPABX No. 2621804
DID Code 2880

STD code for Shimla 0177
ISD code for Shimla 91177

E - Ellerslie Building


Himachal Pradesh Government Secretariat,
Shimla - 171002, Himachal Pradesh , INDIA

 

Himachal Pradesh Lok Sabha Members

1 Hamirpur Thakur,Shri Anurag Singh BJP
2 Kangra Kumar,Shri Shanta BJP
3 Mandi Sharma,Shri Ram Swaroop BJP
4 Shimla(SC) Kashyap,Shri Virender BJP

 

Himachal Pradesh Rajya Sabha Members

1 Nadda, Shri Jagat Prakash BJP
2 Sood, Smt. Bimla Kashyap BJP
3 Thakur, Smt. Viplove INC

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