Haryana Tourist Attractions
Rohtak is identified with 'Rohitaka' mentioned in the Epic Mahabharatha. It may have been the capital of Bahudhanyaks (land of plenty) under the Yaudheyas. Yaudheya territory extended over tracts in Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. Rohtak is strategically situated on the route from the north - west through Delhi gateway to the broad fertile Gangetic plains. The archaeologists found traces of the Indus valley civilization here. Rohtak is now one of the largest towns in Haryana and is inhabited by lot of refugees who came after the partition in 1947.
Bahadurgarh was founded by Rathi Jats and formerly known as Sharafabad. It is situated twenty-nine Kilometres from Delhi and had developed into an important industrial centre.
This place is famous for its math (monastery). The monks or jogis of this math claim to be the spiritual descendants of Buddha's earliest Bhikshus. They represent the Nath cult which originated as one of the Mahayana forms of Buddhism. Ancient finds of large and sculptured bricks, stone images and idols have been found here. The math runs a number of educational and charitable institutions.
Gohana in olden times was called Gavambhavana and was a place of pilgrimage. The place is said to be site of a fort built by Prithviraj Chauhan. This fort was destroyed by Ghori when he defeated Prithviraj in 1192A.D. Gohana was till recently a tehsil of Rohtak. Now it has been made a part of the new district of Sonepat.
It is a small town, situated about 15 km from Jhajjar. An Irish adventurer, George Thomas founded it and built a fort here called Georgegarh which was later changed to Jahazgarh. An annual cattle fair is held here and it attract buyers and sellers from Haryana and out side.
In the Mahabharatha, Sonepat is referred as one of the five pats or prasthas which were demanded by Yudhishtar from Duryodhana. Archeologists have found evidence to indicate it to be a town of great antiquity. There are also a number of legends connected with this place.
For many years, Sonepat was a flourishing sub division of Rohtak. Now it is a separate district. It is one of the largest industrial towns in Haryana.
It is said that Guru Dronacharya of the Pandavas and the Kauravas gave spiritual instructions at this place. The name of this place is Guru Gaon or village of the spiritual teacher. The village of Gurgaon Masani situated about one and half kilometers away Gurgaon is the site of the famous temple Sitla, the goddess of small-pox. It is held in great esteem throughout this part of the country. It is visited by a large number of pilgrims. Gurgaon has developed into a large and flourishing town because of its vicinity to Delhi.
The town of Rewari is said to have been founded by a nephew of Prithviraj Chauhan, Raja Karampal about 1000A.D. The present town was built by Raja Rawat who named it after his daughter Rewati. The fort of Gokalgarh and the Rao Tula Rama's palace at Rampura are within a few kilometers of Rewari. Rewari was detached from Gurgaon district and joined with the neighbouring Mahendergarh under a plan of district reorganization by Haryana Government.
Sohna is about twenty four km from Gurgaon. It is famous for its hot springs which have healing qualities for skin diseases of all kinds.
Palwal is identified by the Hindu pandits with the Apelave of Mahabharatha, of the Pandava kingdom of Indraprastha, tradition associates with the same period the high mound of the old site of the Aharwan, a village, few kilometers to the south-west. The oldest part covers a high mound formed by the accumulated debris of many centuries, lately habitation and streets have taken up part of the plain below.
Agroha has been famous place in the Haryana. It is situated about twenty-kilometers north-west of Hissar on the road to Fatehabad. It has many old mounds to the north-west of the town. They occupy an area about two hundred and sixty hectares which indicates the past glory and sprawling extent of the place. Now Agroha is one of the important towns in Haryana.
A small village situated at a distance of about five kilometers to the east of Jagadhari in Ambala. The ruins where once this important historical town was situated suggest that it was a naturally formed strong hold in a triangular form with large number of projecting citadels on all the three angles.
The city covered an extent of twelve square kilometers and included Jagadhari and Chameti on the west and Burya and Dyalgarh on the north. It lay on the important routes of northern India connecting the upper Punjab with the Genetic valley via Ambala, Saharanpur and Meerut. It was a great centre of trade and was frequented by all kinds of people - traders, invaders, pilgrims, princes and common people.
Karnal takes its name from its founder Karna, the Mahabharatha hero and rival of Arjuna. It remained in obscurity and appear to have played no important part till the end of the Pathan period.
Panipat goes to great antiquity to the Mahabharatha period. It was one of the five pats the Pandavas demanded from the Kauravas. During the Muslim period, Panipat became the hub of politics, being the scene of three decisive battles that changed the fate of the country. Panipat has the distinction of being the birth place of famous Urdu poet Altaf Hussain Hali. The principle historical building at Panipat is Dargah Qalandar Sahib. Panipat today is an expanding industrial town of Haryana .
Kaithal is said to have been founded by the legendary hero Yudhishtar. It is also associated with the monkey -god Hanuman. Its Sanskrit name being Kapisthala -abode of monkeys. Akbar built a fort here.
The capital of Harshavardhana early in the 7th century A.D, it was sacked by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1014 and recovered by the Hindu Raja of Delhi, it remained desolate for long. The Sanyahet tank at Kurukshetra is a famous pilgrim centre. The mosque adjacent to Sheikh Chishti's tomb, is a beautiful specimen of Muslim architecture and marble carving, and is famous for the blue and yellow tiling on its roofs and cupolas. There is a temple associated with the Kauravas and Pandava. Jotisar, where Lord Krishna gave the inspiring message of Gita is close by. Kurukshetra is one of the most sacred places of India.
It is an ancient town not far from Kurukshetra has been a centre of pilgrimage for ages. It is on the, left bank of the sacred Saraswati, twelve kilometers from Thanesar.
Ambala was founded in the fourteenth century by one Amba Rajput hence its name. It is more likelt that the name is a changed version of Ambwala or mango village, judging from the mango groves that exist here. In 1859 Ambala became the head quarters of a district and division formed under the Punjab administration. It still maintains its dual status.
It is situated 20 kilometers from Chandigarh. Pinjore is famous for its gardens which is a beautiful example of the terraced gardens of the Mughals. The Pinjore Gardens lie on the Ambala Simla road, near Kalka. It is planned by a Fidai Khan in the region of Jehangir. At present the garden belongs to Haryana to whose share it came, in1966 at the time of formation of the state. Haryana government has spent considerable sum of money on the improvement of the garden and buildings. The results has been quite breathtaking.
Hissar was the biggest district in Haryana. It has now been spilt in to three - the new districts being Bhiwani and Sirsa. The towns of Fatehabad and Hissar were founded by Firoz Shah Tughlak in the 14th century. Its historical monuments include the minarets of Jama Masjid, Feroz Shah's palace, the summer house outside the fort, Baholshah's mosque, the tomb of Chalis Haliz and the Ashokan Pillar. The district has made striking progress during the last few years both in agriculture and industry. The Haryana Agricultural university and the Government Live stock farm (biggest in Asia) are located here. Hissar is now the head quarters of the second division in Haryana.
One of the oldest towns of Haryana, Sirsa is named after the Shirish Ban, a large forest which once existed here. The place was founded by clearing this forest. Sirsa finds mention in the Mahabharatha, Nakul one of the Pandava brothers, proceeded to Sirsa after conquering Rohtak.
Hansi was founded by one Asa Ram Jat came to be known as Ashi and later it became Hansi. Hansi has played an important part in the history of Haryana during the mediaeval period. It has been the centre of several political conflicts. It was an important administrative unit during the Mughals. Later it became famous as the capital of the Irish adventurer George Thomas.
This is an important town in Haryana. As a result of the reorganization of the districts, it has now become headquarters of a district. It was a very important business and commercial centre. The archeological discoveries at Mitathal suggest that this area was a part of the Harappan Civilization.
This town and its surrounding villages are said to have their origin in the days of Raja Anangpal, ruler of Ajmer and the grandfather of Prithviraj Chauhan. Other parts of the district came into being during the Mughal time. Later this area came successively under the control of the Marathas, The Nawab of Jhajjar and the British. Recently its Dadri Tehsil has gone to Bhiwani but Rewari from Gurgaon has been added to it.
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