Introduction to Government

The Structure of a State Government is as follows

  • Legislative

Legislature consists of Governor, the Legislative Council and Legislative  Assembly. 

The Governor assents to the bills passed by both houses. In certain cases, he may return a bill to the Legislature, giving his reason; however, if the two houses pass the bill with or without accepting his recommendations, he has to assent to it. He may refer certain bills to the President for consideration and assent. The Governor also has powers to promulgate ordinances, when the houses of the Legislature are not in session. The ordinances are, however, required to be laid before the houses and cease to operate after six weeks from the reassembly unless, before the expiry of that period, a resolution disapproving the ordinance is passed by the Legislative Assembly and agreed to by the Council. 

The Governor summons and prorogues the two houses and dissolves the Vidhan Sabha. He addresses the two houses assembled together at the beginning of every year and at the first session after every general election. In his address, the Governor reviews the activities of his government during the past year, and apprises the two houses of the programs to be carried out in the ensuing year. He also refers to the bills proposed to be submitted for approval. The Governor's Address is prepared by the Council of Ministers and is in fact, a statement of the policies of the government. 

The Legislative Council or Upper House is a perpetual house and not subject to dissolution. The term of office of a member is six years; but one third of its members retire every two years. The Council is a mix of representatives among the cross section of the state and also people with expertise in various specific fields of knowledge, literature and arts.

The Legislative Assembly or Lower House consists of members that are directly elected on the basis of adult franchise. The normal life of the Legislative Assembly is five years. It can, however, be dissolved earlier, and in an emergency, its term can also be extended by a maximum period of one year. (Vide Article 172 of the Constitution). 

The two houses, though constituted on different principles, are nevertheless co-ordinate chambers. The Legislative Assembly as the directly elected house, enjoys exclusive powers in financial matters. Financial bills can originate only in the Legislative Assembly, which has a prevailing voice in the case of money bills. 

Under the Cabinet system of government adopted by this country, the Executive (the Government) is fully responsible and accountable to the Legislature and can hold office only so long as it can command the support of the Lower House. Apart from approving the bills and sanctioning the budget, the Legislature exercises supervision over the work of the Executive by keeping a close watch on its functioning in two ways. One is through legislative devices, such as questions, calling-attention notices, resolutions, short duration discussions, adjournment motions, no-confidence motions, cut-motions on the demands for grants, amendments to the Governor's address, etc. The other is through the committees of the Legislature entrusted with the task of scrutinizing specific fields of governmental activities. These committees have powers to send for any persons, papers or records and can also examine witnesses and make reports and recommendations.

  • Judicial

The Judiciary is one of the three arms of the state. Its independence and effectiveness define the true state of a democracy. However, the Judiciary is also the weakest of the three organs without any executive machinery of its own or with a formal popular base, as in the case of the Legislature. Every democratic constitution, therefore, tries to have in-built safeguards to maintain the independence of the Judiciary. 

The Judiciary cannot be said to be completely independent of the Executive and the Legislature, in view of the following provisions: 

(i) Leave and pension for Acts of Parliament regulates the judges of the High Court. 

(ii) Subject to the provisions of the Constitution, laws of the respective legislatures determine the jurisdiction of the courts. 

(iii) The constitution, jurisdiction and powers of the sub-ordinate courts are regulated by laws of the State Legislature that can exclude specified matters from the jurisdiction of ordinary courts. 

(iv) All appointments of judicial officers are the responsibility of the executive, though provision has been made for consultation with the High Court, although the state government appoints the staff of the High Court. 

Law and Judiciary Department 

The Law and Judiciary department, as the name connotes, functions as legal advisory department to the government and as administrative department for the Judiciary. The functions of the Law and Judiciary department as advisory department are mainly technical. This department tenders legal advice mainly to government departments on the following subjects: -

(1) Legal points arising under the Constitution of India, several civil and criminal Acts, rules and regulations, etc.

(2) Legislation (both principal and sub-ordinate).

(3) Litigation (both civil and criminal),

(4) Conveyance
 

  • Executive

Since Independence, there has been a tremendous growth in the executive functions of the state, due to:

(i) Growth in the traditional functions of the state like law and order, education, public health, etc.

(ii) New functions, such as promoting economic development and social and economic justice undertaken by the state.

This has consequently led to a large expansion in the executive machinery of the state. In the state level, there are Cabinet Ministers and Ministers of State. At the national level, there Lok Sabha Members and Rajya Sabha Members.

The progress of the state depends on the executive branch. All credit and blame regarding the overall condition of the state depends on the executive branch. India is a country rich in natural resources and has excellent hard working people. There is a danger in many states that the executive branch is merely an extension of the British model of exploitation. Some of the current ills of India (for example Corruption) have their source in this branch. Fortunately, the overall condition of this branch has been changing for the better in the last few years all over India. 

Ministers of Gujarat

Gujarat Governor: Shri Om Prakash Kohli

Gujarat Chief Minister: Smt. Anandiben Patel

Gujarat Cabinet Ministers

1 Shri Nitinbhai Patel 
Health, Medical Education, Family Welfare, Road and Building, Capital Project, Transport
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Staff
Operator
Fax
079 - 23250106
079 - 23250109
079 - 23250108
079 - 23250107
079 - 23255690
079 - 23250110
079 - 23257616
min-hnfw@gujarat.gov.in
pa2min-hnfw@gujarat.gov.in
ps2min-hnfw@gujarat.gov.in
2nd Floor, Swarnim Sankul 1, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
2 Shri Ramanlal Vora
Social Justice and Empowerment (including welfare of Scheduled Castes, Welfare of socially and educationally backward classes)
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Staff
Operator
Fax
079 - 23250101
079 - 23250103
-
079 - 23250102
079 - 23250104
079 - 23250105
079 - 23257973
min-sj@gujarat.gov.in
pa2min-sje@gujarat.gov.in
ps2min-sje@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomin-sje@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomin-sje@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomin-sje@gujarat.gov.in
staff4tomin-sje@gujarat.gov.in
2nd Floor, Swarnim Sankul 1, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
3 Shri Bhupendrasinh Manubha Chudasma
Education (Primary, Secondary and Adult), Higher and Technical Education, Food, Civil Supplies and Consumer affairs, Legislative and Parliamentary affairs.
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Staff
Office
Fax
079 - 23250116
079 - 23250118
079 - 23250117
079 - 23254556
079 - 23250119
079 - 23255683
079 - 23250120
min-education@gujarat.gov.in
pa2min-edu@gujarat.gov.in
ps2min-edu@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomin-edu@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomin-edu@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomin-edu@gujarat.gov.in
staff4tomin-edu@gujarat.gov.in
2nd Floor, Swarnim Sankul 1, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
4 Shri Mangubhai Chhaganbhai Patel
Forest and Environment, Tribal Development.
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
Staff
Fax
079 - 23250111
079 - 23250113
079 - 23250114
079 - 23250112
079 - 23250115
079 - 23251979
079 - 23250979
min-fne@gujarat.gov.in
pa2min-fne@gujarat.gov.in
ps2min-fne@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomin-fne@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomin-fne@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomin-fne@gujarat.gov.in
staff4tomin-fne@gujarat.gov.in
1st Floor, Swarnim Sankul 1, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
5 Shri Saurabhbhai Patel
Finance, Energy and Petrochemicals, Mines Minerals, Cottage Industries, Salt Industries, Printing and Stationery, Planning, Tourism, Civil aviation.
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Staff
Liason Office
Operator
Fax
079 - 23250211
079 - 23250213
079 - 23250214
079 - 23250212
079 - 23255607
079 - 23254676
079 - 23254270
079 - 23250215
min-ind@gujarat.gov.in
pa2min-ind@gujarat.gov.in
ps2min-ind@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomin-ind@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomin-ind@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomin-ind@gujarat.gov.in
staff4tomin-ind@gujarat.gov.in
1st Floor, Swarnim Sankul 1, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
6 Shri Babubhai B. Bokhiriya
Water Resources (excluding Kalpasar), Water Supply, Agriculture, Co-operation, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, Cow Breeding.
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
Staff-1
Staff-2
Staff-3
Fax
079 - 23250131
079 - 23250133
079 - 23250134
079 - 23250132
079 - 23256428
079 - 23256427
079 - 23255604
079 - 23255623
079 - 23250135
min-ws@gujarat.gov.in
pa2min-ws@gujarat.gov.in
ps2min-ws@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomin-ws@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomin-ws@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomin-ws@gujarat.gov.in
staff4tomin-ws@gujarat.gov.in
1st Floor, Swarnim Sankul 1, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
7 Shri Vijaykumar Ramniklal Rupani
Transport, Water Supply, Labour and Employment.
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
Staff
079 - 23250126
079 - 23251978
079 - 23250128
079 - 23250127
079 - 23250129
079 - 23250306
min-trans@gujarat.gov.in
pa2min-trans@gujarat.gov.in
ps2min-trans@gujarat.gov.in
1st Floor, Swarnim Sankul 1, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.

HON.MINISTERS ( STATE )

Sr.No
Name / Name of Department & Division
Designation
Phone
Email ID
Office Address.
1 Shri Shankarbhai Lagdhirbhai Chaudhari
Urban Housing(Independent Charge), Health and Family Welfare, Transport.
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
Fax
079 - 23250193
079 - 23250187
079 - 23250188
079 - 23250186
079 - 23250195
079 - 23250189
mos-hnfw@gujarat.gov.in
pa2mos-hnfw@gujarat.gov.in
ps2mos-hnfw@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomos-hnfw@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomos-hnfw@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomos-hnfw@gujarat.gov.in
staff4tomos-hnfw@gujarat.gov.in
1st Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
2 Smt.Vasuben Narendrabhai Trivedi
Women and Child Welfare (Independent Charge), Higher and Technical Education.
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
Fax
079 - 23250161
079 - 23250164
079 - 23250163
079 - 23250162
079 - 23250165
079 - 23250292
mos-wncw@gujarat.gov.in
pa2mos-wncw@gujarat.gov.in
ps2mos-wncw@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomos-wncw@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomos-wncw@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomos-wncw@gujarat.gov.in
staff4tomos-wncw@gujarat.gov.in
3rd Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
3 Shri Pradeepsinh Bhagwatsinh Jadeja
Law and Justice, Devsthan, Pilgrimage Development, Co-ordination of voluntary organizations, Non-resident Gujaratis Division, Protocol (All Independent Charge) and Legislative and Parliamentary Affairs.
Minister
PA to MOS
PS to MOS
Ante Room
Staff-1
Staff-2
Fax
079 - 23250266
079 - 23250269
079 - 23250268
079 - 23250267
079 - 23250220
079 - 23252483
079 - 23250270
mos-legal@gujarat.gov.in
pa2mos-legal@gujarat.gov.in
ps2mos-legal@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomos-legal@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomos-legal@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomos-legal@gujarat.gov.in
staff4tomos-legal@gujarat.gov.in
3rd Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
4 Shri Jayantibhai Ramjibhai Kavadiya
Panchayat, Rural Housing and Rural Development (All Independent Charge), Co-operation.
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
Fax
079 - 23251941
079 - 23251943
079 - 23251944
079 - 23251942
079 - 23251940
079 - 23257966
mos-rd@gujarat.gov.in
ps2mos-rd@gujarat.gov.in
pa2mos-rd@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomos-rd@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomos-rd@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomos-rd@gujarat.gov.in
staff4tomos-rd@gujarat.gov.in
2nd Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
5 Shri Nanubhai Bhagavanbhai Vanani
Sports, Youth Cultural activities (Independent Charge), Water Resources (excluding Kalpasar), Education (Primary, Secondary and Adult).
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
Fax
079 - 23250181
079 - 23250184
079 - 23250185
079 - 23250182
079 - 23250183
079 - 23250180
mos-ws@gujarat.gov.in
ps2mos-ws@gujarat.gov.in
pa2mos-ws@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomos-ws@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomos-ws@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomos-ws@gujarat.gov.in
staff4tomos-ws@gujarat.gov.in
2nd Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
6 Shri Dilipkumar Viraji Thakore 
Welfare of socially and educationally backward classes. Labour and Employment
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
Fax
079 - 23250194
079 - 23250191
079 - 23250192
079 - 23250190
079 - 23250262
079 - 23251976
mos-labour@gujarat.gov.in
pa2mos-labour@gujarat.gov.in
ps2mos-labour@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomos-labour@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomos-labour@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomos-labour@gujarat.gov.in
staff4tomos-labour@gujarat.gov.in
4th Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
7 Shri Parshottambhai Odhavjibhai Solanki
Animal Husbandry
Minister
PA to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
Staff
FAX 

079 - 23250141
079 - 23250144
079 - 23250142
079 - 23250143
079 - 23257864
079 - 23250145
-
4th Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
8 Shri Jasabhai Bhanabhai Barad
Agriculture, Civil aviation.
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
Fax

079 - 23250151
079 - 23250153
079 - 23250154
079 - 23250155
079 - 23250152
079 - 23250130

mos-agri@gujarat.gov.in
pa2mos-agri@gujarat.gov.in
ps2mos-agri@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomos-agri@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomos-agri@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomos-agri@gujarat.gov.in
staff4tomos-agri@gujarat.gov.in
2nd Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
9 Shri Chhatrasinh Punjabhai Mori 
Food and Civil Supplies, Consumer Affairs.
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
FAX
DY SO
Addi PA to Minister
079 - 23250197
079 - 23250284 
079 - 23250199
079 - 23250200
079 - 23250196
079 - 23250242
079 - 23250217
079 - 23250219
mos-fcs@gujarat.gov.in
pa2mos-fcs@gujarat.gov.in
ps2mos-fcs@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomos-fcs@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomos-fcs@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomos-fcs@gujarat.gov.in
3rd Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
10 Shri Jaydrathsinhji Chandrasinhji Parmar
Road and Building, Capital Project.
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
FAX 
079 - 23250166
079 - 23250169
079 - 23250168
079 - 23250167
079 - 23250170
079 - 23257010
mos-rnb@gujarat.gov.in
pa2mos-rnb@gujarat.gov.in
ps2mos-rnb@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomos-rnb@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomos-rnb@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomos-rnb@gujarat.gov.in
3rd Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
11 Shri Rajanikant Somabhai Patel
Home, Police Housing, Border Security, Civil Defence, Home Guards, Gram Rakshak Dal, Prison, Prohibition, Excise.
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
Fax
EPABX
079 - 23250231
079 - 23250234
079 - 23250233
079 - 23250232
079 - 23254665
079 - 23250253 
079 - 23250100
mos-home@gujarat.gov.in
ps2mos-home@gujarat.gov.in
pa2mos-home@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomos-home@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomos-home@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomos-home@gujarat.gov.in
staff4tomos-home@gujarat.gov.in
2nd Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
12 Shri Govindbhai Patel
Energy and Petrochemicals, Science and Technology
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to MOS
Ante Room
Operator
Staff
Fax
079 - 23250271
079 - 23251977
079 - 23250273
079 - 23250272
079 - 23250275
079 - 23257977
079 - 23250274
-
2nd Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
13 Shri Tarachand Jagshibhai Chheda
Cottage Industry, Salt Industry and Cow Breeding.
Minister
PA to Minister 
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
FAX
079 - 23251958
079 - 23251961
079 - 23251960
079 - 23251963
079 - 23251959
079 - 23251962
mos-cottage@gujarat.gov.in
pa2mos-cottage@gujarat.gov.in
ps2mos-cottage@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomos-cottage@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomos-cottage@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomos-cottage@gujarat.gov.in
1st Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
14 Shri Jayeshkumar Vitthalbhai Radadiya
Tourism, Water Supply.
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
FAX

079 - 23250225
079 - 23250228
079 - 23250229
079 - 23250226
079 - 23250230
079 - 23250263
mos-tourism@gujarat.gov.in
pa2mos-tourism@gujarat.gov.in
ps2mos-tourism@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomos-tourism@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomos-tourism@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomos-tourism@gujarat.gov.in
2nd Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
15 Shri Bachubhai Maganbhai Khabad 
Fisheries, Forest and Environment.
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
FAX 

079 - 23251946
079 - 23251949
079 - 23251948
079 - 23251951
079 - 23251947
079 - 23251950
mos-fisheries@gujarat.gov.in
pa2mos-fisheries@gujarat.gov.in
ps2mos-fisheries@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomos-fisheries@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomos-fisheries@gujarat.gov.in
staff3tomos-fisheries@gujarat.gov.in
1st Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinagar.
16 Shri Kantibhai Reshmabhai Gamit
Tribal Development
Minister
PA to Minister
PS to Minister
Ante Room
Operator
FAX 

079 - 23257012
079 - 23257013
079 - 23257014
079 - 23257011
079 - 23257015
079 - 23257016
mos-tribal@gujarat.gov.in
pa2mos-tribal@gujarat.gov.in
ps2mos-tribal@gujarat.gov.in
staff1tomos-tribal@gujarat.gov.in
staff2tomos-tribal@gujarat.gov.in
1st Floor, Swarnim Sankul 2, New Sachivalay, Gandhinag

 

Gujarat Lok Sabha Members

1 Ahmedabad East Rawal,Shri Paresh BJP
2 Ahmedabad West(SC) Solanki,Dr. Kirit Premjibhai BJP
3 Amreli Kachhadiya,Shri Naranbhai Bhikhabhai BJP
4 Anand Patel,Shri Dilip BJP
5 Banaskantha Chaudhary,Shri Haribhai Parthibhai BJP
6 Bardoli Vasava,Shri Parbhubhai Nagarbhai BJP
7 Bharuch Vasava,Shri Mansukhbhai Dhanjibhai BJP
8 Bhavnagar Shiyal,Dr. Bharati Dhirubhai BJP
9 Chhota Udaipur(ST) Rathwa,Shri Ramsinh Patalyabhai BJP
10 Dahod(ST) Bhabhor,Shri Jasvantsinh Sumanbhai BJP
11 Gandhinagar Advani,Shri Lal Krishna BJP
12 Jamnagar Maadam,Smt. Poonamben Hematbhai BJP
13 Junagadh Chudasama,Shri Rajeshbhai Naranbhai BJP
14 Kachchh(SC) Chavda,Shri Vinod BJP
15 Kheda Chauhan,Shri Devusinh Jesingbhai BJP
16 Mahesana Patel,Smt. Jayshreeben BJP
17 Navsari Patil,Shri C. R. BJP
18 Panchmahal Chauhan,Shri Prabhatsinh Pratapsinh BJP
19 Patan Vaghela,Shri Liladharbhai Khodaji BJP
20 Porbandar Radadiyahai,Shri Vitthalbhai Hansrajbhai BJP
21 Rajkot Kundariya,Shri Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai BJP
22 Sabarkantha Rathod,Shri Dipsinh Shankarsinh BJP
23 Surat Jardosh,Smt. Darshana Vikram BJP
24 Surendranagar Fatepara,Shri Devajibhai Govindbhai BJP
25 Vadodara Bhatt,Smt. Ranjanben BJP
26 Valsad(ST) Patel,Dr. K. C. BJP

 

Gujarat Rajya Sabha Members

1 Gohel, Shri Chunibhai Kanjibhai BJP Gujarat
2 Irani, Smt. Smriti Zubin BJP Gujarat
3 Jaitley, Shri Arun BJP Gujarat
4 Mandaviya, Shri Mansukh L. BJP Gujarat
5 Mistry, Shri Madhusudan INC Gujarat
6 Pandya, Shri Dilipbhai BJP Gujarat
7 Patel, Shri Ahmed INC Gujarat
8 Rashtrapal, Shri Praveen INC Gujarat
9 Tundiya, Mahant Shambhuprasadji BJP Gujarat
10 Vadodia, Shri Lal Sinh BJP Gujarat
11 Vegad, Shri Shankarbhai N. BJP Gujarat

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