Wildlife of Goa
Dr. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary
This is Goa's
only bird sanctuary, 1.8 Sq Km in area. A variety of local and
migratory birds can be found on this island.
On the western tip of the island of
Chorao along River Mandovi, mangrove swamps cover this
bird-watchers' paradise aptly named after India's best-known
Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary
The Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Goan town of Mollem. With a total area of 240 sq kms, this is the largest of Goa's four protected wildlife areas, and contains within it The Molem National Park. Animals that are sheltered in the sanctuary include Gaur, Sambar, Leopards, Spotted Deer, Slender Toris, Jungle Cats, Malayan Giant Squirrels, Pythons and Cobras.
Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary
Its mini zoo,
sprawling deer park in natural habitat, botanical and rose gardens
attract people throughout the year. More than a sanctuary, it is an
ideal jungle resort, a major attraction for children and nature
lovers. The area is covered with Moist Deciduous Forests, with small
patches of Evergreens and Canes along the nullahs. The State Tree
Terninalia crenulata (Matti) and Rosewood are common here. Others
are Lagerstroemia (Naked Maiden of the Forest / Nano), Kindall,
Jamba, Mimusops, Saraca indica etc. The thorny bamboo Bambusa
arundinacea and Giant Lianas (Entada) abound. Gaur the state animal
is frequently seen here. The Panther, the Jungle Cat, Leopard Cat,
Toddy Cat, Deers (Sambar, Spotted, Hog, Barking and Mouse) Wild
Boar, Porcupines Scaly Ant Eater, Malabar Giant Squirrel and Flying
lizard (Draco) are common.
It has multi-storeyed forest with tall trees and rare plants, where hardly any light reaches the ground. It touches the border of Karnataka state and in the lean season, several gaurs are known to come into Cotigao from its neighbourhood. The vegetation is mostly moist-deciduous type, interspersed with semi-evergreen and evergreen patches. The Nature interpretation Centre run by the Forest Department is a valuable repository of knowledge.
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