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Chhattisgarh

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Geography of Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh is a landlocked state in east central India. It shares borders with six states. About 44% of the state's area is under forest cover. It is rich in biodiversity of flora and fauna.  The Green State of Chhattisgarh has the densest forests in India, rich wildlife, and above all, over 200 non-timber forest products, with tremendous potential for value addition. The northern part of the state lies on the edge of the great Indo-Gangetic plain. The Rihand River, a tributary of the Ganges, drains this area. The eastern end of the Satpura Range and the western edge of the Chota Nagpur Plateau form an east-west belt of hills that divide the Mahanadi River basin from the Indo-Gangetic plain. The central part of the state lies in the fertile plain of the Mahanadi and its tributaries, with extensive rice cultivation. The southern part of the state lies on the Deccan plateau, in the watershed of the Godavari River and its tributary the Indravati. (Map of Chhattisgarh)

 The state's resources include minerals mainly iron-ore, coal, bauxite, and dolomite, limestone, diamonds and other precious stones, gold and tin. The state accounts for 19% of the country's iron ore deposits, The iron ore of Bailadila mines in Dantewada district is exported to Japan because of its high ferrous content. 17%of the nation's coal reserves lie in the state. The state also accounts for 49% of the country's diamond deposits. The State is the largest producer of quartzite, and the second largest producer of iron ore, coal and dolomite in the country. Abundant deposits of lime stone are found in the districts of Raipur, Bilaspur, Durg and Bastar regions.

 About 35% of the state's area is under cultivation. 80% of the state's population is dependent on agriculture. In the field of agriculture, rice, wheat and maize are the principal food crops of Chhattisgarh.

 
   
 
 
 

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