“Kamapura” or “Kamata”, Assam was ruled by many
dynasties. Popular among them was the Varman Dynasty.
During the reign of the great ruler, Bhaskaravarman of
this dynasty, the Chinese traveler, Xuanzang visited the
region, and has recorded the details. Later, many other
dynasties, the Kacharis, the Chutias, belonging to the
Indo-Tibetan groups ruled the region.
a Tai group, ruled eastern Assam for nearly 600 years
(1228-1826), created a greater impact in the region. The
Koch, a Tibeto-Burmese/Dravidian group, established
their sovereignty in 1510. The Koch kingdom later
divided into two where the western kingdom became a
vassal of the Moghuls, whereas the eastern kingdom
became an Ahom satellite state.
Aurangzeb’s Governor, Mir Jumla occupied Gargaon, the
then capital of Ahoms. Rebellious Guerrilla attacks
forced Jumla’s army to leave the region. An attempt by
the Moghuls under the command of Raja Ram Singh resulted
in the victory for the Ahoms at Saraighat (1671) under
the Ahom general Lachit Borphukan.